Apr 13, 2018
Tinnitus -Causes & Symptoms

Tinnitus – Causes & Symptoms

 

The symptoms of tinnitus are often described as ringing, buzzing or whistling sounds that are perceived within the ears or the head. However, it is not the ear that is responsible. Instead, the causes for the tinnitus can be found in the brain. The brain is made up from a huge number of active nerve areas which all have different roles. Sound information is processed via a very specific brain area known as the auditory cortex. The auditory cortex is divided up into areas that are responsible for processing different pitches in a similar way in which keys would be arranged on a piano. Anything which causes us to lose our hearing can have the effect of disrupting this internal keyboard. This could be caused by medication, loud noises or just the natural ageing processes. Due to this disruption, there is a reduction of activity in the keyboard areas affected by hearing loss and the nerves that make up the area can start to fire spontaneously. This is called neural synchronisation.  Or put it in another way, if the ear no longer talks to the auditory centre, then the nerve cells in the auditory centre begin to chatter in an overactive and unregulated way. It is this abnormal over activity which causes us to perceive the tinnitus signal. Over time this abnormal activity becomes permanent. This abnormal neural synchrony does not remain limited to the auditory centre. Brainwave measurements have shown that brain areas regulating attention, emotions and stress are also affected.


Principle of TinnitusRelief Device

“TR Neuromodulation”

 

 

Is there a way to reduce and reverse the neural synchrony which is related to tinnitus?

It is called TR Neuromodulation. Treatment with TR Neuromodulation targets the exact cause of the problem. This innovative treatment is designed to reduce hyperactivity in the specific regions of the brain that are responsible for generating the tinnitus sound. TR Neuromodulation uses a complex mathematical algorithm to create a personalized sound prescription for each patient. The series of tones created are transmitted to the nerve cells in the brain of the patient in such a way that the cells abnormal synchrony is disrupted and hyperactivity is reduced. In TR Neuromodulation the synchronous nerve cell network is first stimulated actively from the outside by single tones that are spatially and temporally staggered. These   force the nerve cells into subgroups, each with its own new rhythm. 4 tones are used to deliver this gentle targeted stimulation to the hearing centre of the brain. There are short pauses between the stimulation signals in order to remodel the nerve network. If repeated regularly and often enough, these stimulation signals will reduce the hyperactivity to such an extent that the abnormal neural synchrony will be permanently reversed. TR Neuromodulation tones consist of individually measured and specifically calculated acoustic impulses which are transformed in the brain into corresponding electrical stimuli. The acoustic tones are generated by a small matchbox size device  – TR device and administered to the tinnitus patient via a medical headphone.




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